All Posts tagged Gray Cook

Functional Movement Screen (FMS)

I use the Functional Movement Screen (FMS) on a daily basis in my Chiropractic practice to watch how clients move through the most basic and fundamental movements. The FMS helps me to determine the risk of injury a person has, and limitations of movements, and right and left side imbalances during movement. I like to use the FMS to establish a base-line score in my non-acute patients.
I have found it beneficial to test low load maneuvers and exercises (before using loads) first. This has provided me with an overall exercise prescription that 1) Establishes mobility first (Gray Cook & Lee Burton strongly teach this point). This involves mobilization, manipulation, teaching clients how to perform self myofascial release using the foam roll, Deep Muscle Stimulator (DMS), stretch and lengthen, etc 2) Perform movements that recruit slow motor units. I make sure the stabilisers are working. The smallest muscles in the body need to contribute to holding spinal joints still while the arms and legs produce motion. It is better to use low load, or minimal load to primarily recruit slow motor units. Teaching patients the “primative” movement patterns are very useful here. All of this helps the spine to isometrically hold a position to sustain postural alignment or support functional trunk or limb load. I use exercises that  transition slow motor units to optimize rapid/accelerated movement and the production of high force or power. 3) I teach exercises that eccentrically control the return through range (limb lowering against gravity). 4) Control whatever functional range is available. Here the global stabilisers should demonstrate efficient control of both normal and hypermobile ranges of motion. Gray & Lee call this RNT (Reactive Neuromuscular Training). 5) Then I reevaluate the dysfunctional movement pattern found on the Functional Movement Screen to see if this made a positive change. If the movement pattern improves, my patient and I know we are on the right track, if the movement pattern did not improve, I need to rethink the corrective exercise prescription. All of this takes one on one time..worth it!


Dr. Tucker appointed a faculty member to teach the FMS

What is the FMS?

The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) is the product of an exercise philosophy known as Functional Movement. This exercise philosophy and corresponding set of resources is based on sound science, years of innovation, and current research.

How it Works – Simplifying Movement

Put simply, the FMS is a ranking and grading system that documents movement patterns that are key to normal function. By screening these patterns, the FMS readily identifies functional limitations and asymmetries. These are issues that can reduce the effects of functional training and physical conditioning and distort body awareness.

The FMS generates the Functional Movement Screen Score, which is used to target problems and track progress. This scoring system is directly linked to the most beneficial corrective exercises to restore mechanically sound movement patterns.

Exercise professionals monitor the FMS score to track progress and to identify those exercises that will be most effective to restore proper movement and build strength in each individual.

What it Does – Widespread Benefits

The FMS simplifies the concept of movement and its impact on the body. Its streamlined system has benefits for everyone involved – individuals, exercise professionals, and physicians.

Communication – The FMS utilizes simple language, making it easy for individuals, exercise professionals, and physicians to communicate clearly about progress and treatment.

Evaluation – The screen effortlessly identifies asymmetries and limitations, diminishing the need for extensive testing and analysis.

Standardization – The FMS creates a functional baseline to mark progress and provides a means to measure performance.

Safety – The FMS quickly identifies dangerous movement patterns so that they can be addressed. It also indicates an individual’s readiness to perform exercise so that realistic goals can be set and achieved.

Corrective Strategies – The FMS can be applied at any fitness level, simplifying corrective strategies of a wide array of movement issues. It identifies specific exercises based on individual FMS scores to instantly create customized treatment plans.

If you would like a FMS course for your local Chiropractic Society or State Association meeting, please contact Dr. Tucker @