All Posts tagged EPA-DHA

Omega-3 supplements boost bone mineral density in older women

A joint U.S.-Iranian study says that combining exercise with omega-3 supplements may boost the bone mineral density in older women and reduce markers of inflammation.

A daily supplement of 1,000 mg omega-3s in combination with aerobic exercise was associated with increases in bone mineral density (BMD) of up to 19% in post-menopausal women, according to findings published in Nutrition & Metabolism.

In addition, markers of inflammation such as interleukin 6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) were significantly reduced following 24 weeks of supplementation plus exercise, report researchers from Urmia University in Iran and the University of Missouri in the U.S.

These findings are significant for women at risk of osteoporosis, characterized by low bone mass, which leads to an increased risk of fractures, especially of the hips, spine and wrists. Women are four times more likely to develop osteoporosis than men.

Clients (especially post menopausal women) need to commit to the use of long-term omega-3 supplementation and aerobic exercise. 

Seventy-nine healthy post-menopausal women were recruited and randomly assigned to one of four groups: The first group acted as the control and did not receive supplements or an exercise plan; the second group received the exercise plan only; the third group received omega-3 supplements only (1,000 mg omega-3 per day, of which 180 mg was EPA and 120 mg was DHA); and the final group received both supplements and exercise.

The exercise plan involved walking and jogging three times a week at up to 65% of the maximum heart rate.

Twenty-four weeks later, and the researchers found that the combined omega-3/exercise group displayed BMD increases of 15% in the lower back and 19% in the neck of the thigh bone (femur) at the hip.

In addition, the combination group had decreased levels of the pro-inflammatory compounds IL-6 and TNF-alpha by 40% and 80% respectively.

I recommend Metagenics EPA-DHA 720 as part of your daily supplements.


Nutrition & Metabolism; 8(1):71, 2011



Lupus is a chronic disease that involves the immune system. It attacks healthy tissues and organs that can increase the risk of heart disease and cancer. Symptoms include extreme fatigue, skin rashes, and painful joints – simple movements can become painful from swollen joints.  

Current treatment is on how best to manage Lupus cases. Drug therapy includes Benlysta and according to the FDA, Benlysta research “suggested, but did not definitively establish” that the drug might reduce severe flare-ups of lupus symptoms. Benlysta has a high rate of serious infections and death in patients taking Benlysta compared to those taking a placebo. NOT MY FIRST CHOICE! Other drug choices include malaria medications and steroids. These have serious side effects too! 

A few years ago, Northern Ireland researchers at the University of Ulster conducted a study that tested fish oil, rich in omega-3 fatty acids, on more than 50 lupus patients.  After 24 weeks, researchers found a significant decline in disease measurements for those taking fish oil compared to placebo. Fish oil helped relieve fatigue, inflammation, skin rashes, and neurological problems. And all of that added up to improved quality of life — especially for those who were able to reduce their steroid use.

Adverse side effects: zero. 

I continue to recommend Metagenics EPA-DHA 720 as the omega 3 first choice.


Type 2 Diabetes & Omega 3’s

Researchers from Harvard took blood samples from about 3,000 subjects and measured omega-3 levels. When the results were compared to diabetic status, they found that higher levels of omega-3 fatty acids — EPH and DHA — were linked to reduced risk of diabetes. 

Rrisk was lowest in those with the highest omega-3 levels. The is because EPA and DHA help your cell membranes manage insulin. Fat tissue contains an abundance of macrophages — a type of white blood cell that fights viruses, bacteria, and other junk that has to be removed from your cells. The macrophages do their work by producing proteins that burn off the junk with inflammation. Too much body fat creates a flood of those proteins, which happen to promote insulin resistance. Chronic inflammation just makes the situation worse. 

When excessive inflammation is reduced, insulin sensitivity improves. 
EPA and DHA are great natural anti-inflammatories.  For the past year or soI have recommended that patient’s take about  400 IU vitamin E with the omega 3’s (mixed tocopherols).


April 30 2011 Newsletter

The Interactive Healer 

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April 30, 2011 

In This Issue
Foods that boost your metabolism
Sore Muscle Remedies
I am so sick of…


Dear Dr. Jeff,
Dr. Jeffrey Tucker


I hope everyone enjoyed Passover and Easter as much as I did. Holiday preparation & events often expose us to increased stress…time away from work, rushing round, family gatherings (dysfunctions), etc. For me the past holidays presented an opportunity to do some intense emotional work, dealing with recurring themes and patterns of dysfunction in my own life. I have a passionate commitment toward creating healthy relationships within healthy lives. I had to shift some habitual family patterns that were not OK and create new possibilities.


My message is to keep looking at the issues that are obstructing the quality of life you want to have; risk working deeply on yourself, whether it is diet, nutrition, exercise, or emotions; and expand your capacity for compassion for yourself and others.         


Warm regards



Click on  so I can keep you updated on important and valuable health information. 

If you have any questions, suggestions or comments, please feel free to email Dr. Tucker at:

Posture and Mobility: Nine Steps to Assessing and Improving Your Health available – order now!

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A recent comment was “Working through your e-book. My glute medius has never been stronger!”

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Foods that boost your metabolism

Green Tea is a great antioxidant

Catechins are the group of antioxidants concentrated in the leaves of tea plants. One study published by the American Medical Association in 2006 followed more than 40,000 Japanese adults for a decade, and at the 7-year follow-up, those who had been drinking five or more cups of tea per day were 26 percent less likely to die of any cause compared with those who averaged less than a cup. Another Japanese study broke participants into two groups, only one of which was put on a catechin-rich green-tea diet. At the end of 12 weeks, the green-tea group had achieved significantly smaller body weights and waistlines than those in the control group. Why? Because researchers believe that catechins are effective at boosting metabolism.
Substitutes: Yerba mate, white tea, oolong tea, rooibos (red) tea


Garlic contains allicin, an antibacterial and antifungal compound

The chemical is produced by the garlic plant as a defense against pests, but inside your body it fights cancer, strengthens your cardiovascular system, decreases fat storage, and fights skin (acne) inflammation. To activate the most possible allicin, you’ve first got to crush the garlic as finely as possible. Peel the cloves, then use the side of a heavy chef’s knife to crush the garlic before carefully mincing. Then be sure not to overcook it, as too much heat will render the compound completely useless (and your food totally bitter).
Substitutes: Onions, chives, leeks


Grapefruit is known as the diet fruit

In a study of 100 obese people at The Scripps Clinic in California, those who ate half a grapefruit with each meal lost an average of 3.6 pounds over the course of 12 weeks. Some lost as much as 10 pounds. The study’s control group, in contrast, lost only 1/2 pound. But here’s something even better: Those who ate the grapefruit also exhibited a decrease in insulin levels, indicating that their bodies had improved upon the ability to metabolize sugar. If you can’t stomach a grapefruit-a-day regime, try to find as many ways possible to sneak grapefruit into your diet. Even a moderate increase in grapefruit intake should yield results, not to mention earn you a massive dose of lycopene-the cancer-preventing antioxidant found most commonly in tomatoes.


Substitutes: Oranges, watermelon, tomatoes


Greek Yogurt contains protein

Greek yogurt has been separated from the watery whey that sits on top of regular yogurt, and the process has removed excessive sugars such as lactose and increased the concentration of protein by as much as three times. That means it fills your belly more like a meal than a snack. Plus a single cup has about a quarter of your day’s calcium, and studies show that dieters on calcium-rich diets have an easier time losing body fat. In one of these studies, participants on a high-calcium dairy diet were able to lose 70% more body weight than those on a calorie-restricted diet alone.

Substitutes: Kefir and yogurt with “live and active cultures” printed on the product label


Avocado is good for you

More than half the calories in avocado comes from the healthiest fats, called monounsaturates. These fats differ from saturated fats. Numerous studies have shown that monounsaturated fats both improve your cholesterol profile and decrease the amount of triglycerides (more fats) floating around in your blood. That can lower your risk of stroke and heart disease. 

Substitutes: Olive, canola and peanut oils, peanut butter, tahini


Eggs – whatever you think, get over it & eat them

 Each large egg has about 6 grams of high-quality protein and only 70 calories. A study published in the International Journal of Obesity found that people who replace carbs (grains, fruit, cereal) with eggs for breakfast lose weight 65 percent quicker. Researchers in Michigan were able to determine that regular egg eaters enjoyed more vitamins and minerals in their diets than those who ate few or no eggs. By examining surveys from more than 25,000 people, the researchers found that egg eaters were about half as likely to be deficient in vitamin B12, 24 percent less likely to be deficient in vitamin A, and 36 percent less likely to be deficient in vitamin E. Want to hear something shocking? Those who ate at least four eggs a week had significantly lower cholesterol levels than those who ate fewer than one. Turns out the dietary cholesterol in the yolk has little impact on your serum cholesterol. Get over it, eat eggs!


Quinoa should replace your rice

It has about twice as much fiber and protein as brown rice, and those proteins consist of a near-perfect blend of amino acids. And get this, all that protein and fiber-in conjunction with a handful of healthy fats and a comparatively small dose of carbohydrates-help insure a low impact on your blood sugar. Quinoa has a soft and nutty taste and it cooks just like rice, ready in about 15-20 minutes.
Substitutes: Oats, amaranth, millet, pearl barley, bulgur wheat  


Bell Peppers are loaded with antioxidants

Enjoy all the colored ones – red, yellow, and orange. These colors result from carotenoids concentrated in the flesh of the pepper, and it’s these same carotenoids that give tomatoes, carrots, and grapefruits their healthy hues. Peppers help improve immune function, protect against sun damage, and a provide protection for several types of cancer. Chili peppers are great too. They contain capsaicins, temperature-raising phytochemicals that have been shown to fight headache and arthritis pain as well as boost metabolism.
Substitutes: Carrots, sweet potatoes, watermelon 


Almonds are better than peanuts

An ounce of almonds a day, about 23 nuts, provides nearly 9 grams of heart-healthy oleic acid. This monounsaturated fat is known to be responsible for  improved memory. Rats in California were better able to navigate a maze the second time around if they’d been fed oleic acid. Nearly a quarter of an almond’s calories come from fiber and protein. Almonds are a better snack than a rice cake.
Substitutes: Walnuts, pecans, peanuts, sesame seeds, flaxseeds 

Swiss Chard has lots of multivitamins

It’s not only a low calorie food but you can get more than 300% of your recommended daily intake of bone-strengthening vitamin K, 100% of your day’s vitamin A,  16% of vitamin E. Plus, emerging research suggests that the combination of phytonutrients and fiber in chard may provide an effective defense against colon cancer.
Substitutes: Spinach, mustard greens, collard greens, watercress, arugula, romaine lettuce


Bonus: Order Metagenics at 10% 0FF UltraMeal Bars


 Sore Muscle Remedies

Heres a typical sceanario I see in my office: A client moved some furniture or lifted heavy bags over the weekend and by Wednesday they still complain of feeling sore muscles.


Regular sore muscle pain is fairly easy to remedy. Try taking a hot bath with Epsom salts and a few drops of lavender essential oil. Lavender has anti-imflammatory properties and helps relieve fatiqued muscles. Here are some of my thoughts on over-the-counter remedies for sore muscles:


The three most popular drugs are acetaminophen (Tylenol), ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil) and naproxen (Aleve). These reduce inflammation within an hour or two.  I recommend you take these with food. Keep in mind, acetaminophen is harder on the liver, while ibuprofen and naproxen affect the stomach and intestines more. Natural anti-inflammatories may not work as quickly, but we don’t have to worry about side effects. I have been recommending ACUTE PHASE by Metagenics. It contains vitamin C, calcium, magnesium, Boswellia, Tumeric, Ginger and other powerful natural anti-inflammories. For chronic pain I want all of my clients on high doses of omega 3 fish oils. I recommend the Metagenics EPA-DHA 720.


Biofreeze Pain Reliever:  is a topical analgesic that delivers the therapeutic benefits of cold therapy and uses menthol. Biofreeze is fast acting and used for sore muscles, muscle/joint aches or pain, back, shoulder and neck pain, painful ankle, knee, hip and elbow pain. I suggest you rub it on at least four times daily.


Capsaicin: It’s the active ingredient in chili pepper and you can buy it at most pharmacies. I suggest the patches or roll-on for ease.  These need to be applied four times daily.


Drug muggers

Do you suffer with chronic muscle soreness? If  you are on  Statin cholesterol drugs and blood pressure pills, these are well-known culprits to cause muscle pain. The remedy for drug-induced myopathy (muscle pain) is Coenzyme Q10 (Order CoQ10ST-100 from Metagenics) . Also, Corticosteroids are drug muggers of calcium, you may need to supplement if you take these  medications long-term.

I am so sick of…

I am so sick of clients doing excessive  cardio – I mean mindless long runs, or bouts on the bike or eliptical. I hear about clients doing 60 minute cardio sessions and they are stiff as a board and in pain. The part that ‘kills me’ is that they won’t stretch or even listen to me when I talk to them about doing some weight lifting. I know cardio is one fat burning strategy, but it is time consuming and the reality is that aerobic activities burn far fewer calories than you think.  After doing 20-30 minutes of cardio you may feel as though you’ve burned 600 calories but the cold reality is far different. For example, researchers measured the number of calories burned when walking versus running. The study showed that the average man burns just 124 calories when running a mile and only 88 when walking the same distance. So by running three miles you can expect to burn about 396 calories and by walking three miles you will burn about 240.


Figures for other aerobic activities are shown below (these are calculated using a man who weighs 190 pounds).

·    Stationary bike (light): 474 calories per hour;
·    Walking uphill (3.5 miles per hour): 518 calories per hour;
·    High impact aerobics: 604 calories per hour;
·    Stationary bike (moderate): 604 calories per hour;
·    Jogging (light pace): 604 calories per hour;
·    Running (5 miles per hour): 690 calories per hour;
·    Stationary bike (vigorous): 906 calories per hour;



Just tell me what you like to do and I can turn any of your activities into a  cardio + resistance workout. For example, if you like to walk or jog you can pick up a set of dumbbells, some ankle weights or even a weight vest. If biking is your thing, just kick up the resistance. Whatever cardio activity it is that you like to do, I’ll show you how to add some resistance and not only will you burn more fat but you’ll also be able to maintain more of your hard-earned muscle mass.

Order Metagenics UltraMeal shake 

Please forward my newsletter to your friends, family and coworkers.  And please feel free to contact me with your questions, comments and suggestions. 
Please stay committed to your health, fitness and nutrition efforts.
Warm regards,
Dr. Jeffrey Tucker
Functional Movement Screen (FMS). The FMS is seven tests that include a squat, hurdle step, lunge, shoulder mobility, active straight leg raise, push up & rotary stability test. The most recent research completed on the FMS was performed in Quantico, VA at the Marine Officer Candidate School. They screened over 900 Marines and followed them through basic training and found that the individuals who had a score > 14, were twice as likely to not graduate due to injury than those with higher scores. This goes right along with the previous research found in the NFL. Football players who scored less than 14 are more likely to be injured during the season. Are you at risk of injury from your workout? Come in for a Functional Movement Screen and find out! 
Call today to schedule your FMS Consultation:  310-473-2911
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Dr. Jeffrey Tucker | (310) 473-2911 | 11600 Wilshire Blvd. Suite 412 | Los Angeles | CA | 90025


Essential Fatty Acids May Help Ease PMS Symptoms

A supplement containing a mix of essential fatty acids and vitamin E may significantly reduce the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS), according to new research.

The study, published in Reproductive Health, reported that women given capsules containing two grams of a combination of essential lipids—including gamma linolenic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid, other polyunsaturated acids and vitamin E—showed significantly-eased PMS symptoms at both three and six months after they began supplementation.

One or two grams of essential fatty acids resulted in a significant decrease in symptom  in PMS patients.

The authors said that between 80% and 95% of women are estimated to suffer from at least one of the symptoms of PMS in the premenstrual phase of the cycle, and of these around 35% have symptoms severe enough to affect their routine activities.

Essential fatty acids such as EPA-DHA 720 from Metagenics is a valid therapeutic option for women with PMS.

“Prolonged use of the supplement for six months appears to result in a better clinical improvement compared to the results found after three months of treatment…This reinforces the hypothesis that its effects on PMS symptoms are the result of its interaction with prolactin receptors through the action of prostaglandin E1 whose metabolism is directly affected by essential fatty acid levels,” the authors concluded.

Reproductive Health 8(1):2, 2010


Breast cancer

A study followed postmenopausal women to see if any of a variety of supplements reduced their risk of developing breast cancer.  Among women using fish oil supplements, there was a 32% lower risk of developing breast cancer — although not of all types of breast cancer.  

I recommend EPA-DHA 720 by Metagenics. Order @


Omega-3 May Reduce Gum Disease

November 2010

Omega-3 fatty acid intake is inversely associated with periodontitis in the U.S. population, according to research published in the Journal of the American Dietetic Association.

The new study found that a moderate dietary intake of the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) and EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) were associated with a decreased prevalence of periodontitis of up to 20 percent.

Taking Omega 3’s is less expensive than taking drugs and safer for the prevention and treatment of periodontitis.

Periodontitis is a common, chronic inflammatory disease that is characterized by gum tissue separation from the tooth—forming a periodontal pocket that can lead to bone and tooth loss.

Traditional therapies for periodontitis focus on targeting the initial bacterial infection, however more recent therapeutic strategies have aimed to target the response to the infection, which is thought to play an important role in the pathogenesis of periodontitis.

A study published earlier this year in Molecular Oral Microbiology did report potential anti-bacterial effects, extending the benefits beyond inflammation.

Researchers from the University of Kentucky reported that EPA, DHA and LNA (alpha-linolenic acid), as well as their fatty acid ethyl esters, could inhibit the growth of oral pathogens, including Streptococcus mutans, Candida albicans and Porphyromonas ginigvalis at relatively low doses.

The study was said to be the first to demonstrate an antibacterial activity of omega-3 fatty acids and their esters against oral pathogens.

Journal of the American Dietetic Association 110(11):1669-1675, 2010

Dr. Tucker recommends EPA-DHA 720 by Metagenics.  Order


Omega-3 Fatty Acids May Protect Against Hearing Loss

In that hearing loss is a widespread sensory condition that generally impacts with age, Paul Mitchell, from the University of Sydney (Australia), and colleagues analyzed data collected on 2,956 men and women enrolled in the Blue Mountains Hearing Study, surveying the subjects regarding their dietary intakes of fish.  The team found that two servings of fish weekly reduced hearing loss in subjects ages 50 years and older, compared with people who average less than one serving per week.  Writing that: “There was an inverse association between higher intakes of [omega-3 fatty acids] and regular weekly consumption of fish and hearing loss,” the researchers conclude that: “Dietary intervention with [omega-3 fatty acids] could prevent or delay the development of age-related hearing loss.”

Dr. Tucker recommends EPA-DHA 720 by Metagenics


More reasons to take Fish oil


This study looked at the effects of supplemental fish oil (FO) on resting metabolic rate (RMR), body composition, and cortisol production in healthy adults.

Baseline measurements of Resting Metabolic Rate, body composition, &  cortisol were measured.

Following baseline testing, subjects were randomly assigned in a double blind manner to one of two groups: 4 g/d of Safflower Oil (SO); or 4 g/d of Fish Oil (FO) supplying 1,600 mg/d eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and 800 mg/d docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).

All tests were repeated following 6 wk of treatment. 

Results: Compared to the Safflower Oil group, there was:

• A significant increase in fat free mass following treatment with Fish Oil,  and a significant reduction in fat mass.
• A  tendency for a decrease in body fat percentage.
• No significant differences were observed for body mass.
• A tendency for salivary cortisol to decrease in the FO group.
• There was a significant correlation in the FO group between change in cortisol and change in fat free mass.

Conclusion: 6 wk of supplementation with FO significantly increased lean mass and decreased fat mass. These changes were significantly correlated.

Source: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, Oct 8, 2010;7:31. PMID: 20932294, by Noreen EE, et al. Department of Health Sciences, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg Pennsylvania, USA. 

I continue to recommend EPA-DHA 720 by Metagenics Order at


I want all my patients to have a hs-CRP blood test

Elevations in CRP suggest increased risk of cardio-vascular disease. 


If it is elevated, I would recommend Omega-3 fatty acid (fish oil). his is a natural intervention for the treatment and prevention of coronary artery disease (CAD). Certain omega-3 fatty acids have biochemical properties that promote atherosclerotic plaque stability and thereby decrease the incidence of cardiac ischemia and  ischemic cardiac arrhythmias. An ever-increasing body of evidence supports the role for omega-3 fatty acids, i.e. fish oil, in  through a role as anti-arrhythmic agents, through anti-thrombotic effect, and through atherosclerotic plaque stabilization, probably as a result of topical anti-inflammatory action.



Dosage requirement is between 2 and 3 grams per day, in divided doses.  Generally, the preferred cardiac ratio of 3:2 EPA/DHA, but in inflammatory conditions the EPA/DHA ratio does a bit better at 6:1.


I recommend either EPA-DHA 720 or EPA-DHA 6:1 enteric coated. These can be purchased on the Metagenics link.