All Posts tagged Chronic low back pain

Is Your Work Chair Causing Low Back Pain?

If you have a bad back it is critical to do these simple things….
 
Change Posture Frequently

This varies the location of the stress on your spine, instead of focusing all of it on the same area. The key is to maintain a neutral, natural arch in your low back. Try standing up every 20 minutes; try putting your feet up or leaning your chair back.
 
Aim For a Dozen ‘Arch-ups’ (Cobra in yoga) or Standing Backward bends every day
Most lower-back problems come form prolonged flexion or leaning over like sitting in a slumped posture. Avoid prolonged flexion by standing up and arching backwards 8 times, 3 times daily. 
 
Squeeze Your Butt Muscles 
The gluteal muscles are often weak, especially if you have tight hamstrings and weak abdominals. By squeezing the glutes about 20% during walking you’ll automatically help stabilize your spine, which lowers your risk of back injuries.
 
Use a Stability Ball For a Chair
Use it instead of a desk chair for 15 to 20 minutes every hour. Sitting on the ball keeps you in motion, and it’ll also help strengthen your core muscles.
Frequently Adjust Your Car Seat
Every 20-30 minutes use the buttons on your carseat to change your position. If you recline the seat so far back that you have to crane your neck to see in front of you, you’re putting a dangerous strain on the lower neck. You should be able to see a full view of the road with your head against the headrest
 
Make Use of a Pillow 
The best position to sleep is on your back. Place a pillow under your knees and your cervical curve to help relieve back stress. The second best sleep position is on your side. If you’re a side sleeper, draw your legs up toward your chest and place a pillow between your knees. The least desirable sleep position is sleeping on your stomach. If you do this, stuff a small pillow under your abdomen to keep your lower back from sagging.
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Chronic Pain

I am not in favor of expensive, ineffective and potentially dangerous “treatments” for chronic pain while ignoring causes and prevention of chronic pain. I devote my time spent with clients on examining the causes and most importantly, focusing on how we can prevent acute pain from becoming chronic pain.

I find out what my clients vitamin D levels are. If they are low, they must be elevated to within normal levels. I recommend omega 3 fish oils to all my chronic pain patients. I figure out what exercises clients will do consistently. Diet & supplement recommendations are vitally important. I also recommend my clients eat a low-glycemic diet.

Chronic low back pain or neck pain is a disease we often give to ourselves. Poor posture and a lack of variety of movement are two of the most common causes I see in most cases.

In Most Cases, Chronic Pain is Preventable…
In the absence of trauma or other known disease, most pain that I treat is caused by lifestyle and environmental factors. That means that pain can be improved by eliminating these factors. Some of the risk factors for low back pain are possible to avoid. Maintain good sitting posture, avoid slumping over while sitting, and use proper mechanics while lifting.

In just about every degenerative disease the cause is from the poor choices we make and the habits we develop over a lifetime.

Let’s talk about how you can improve your quality of life.

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Low Back Exercises

Lower Trunk Rotation

Legs and thighs are raised to 90°: Rotate thighs and legs from side to side, keeping knees together. Keep abs tight.

Repeat 20 times per side, per session.
One set per session.
Complete one session per day.

Opposite Arm/Opposite Leg (On All Fours)

Tighten stomach and raise right leg and opposite arm. Keep hips level and stomach very tight and drawn in.

Hold for two breaths.
Repeat 30 to 50 times per set.
One set per session.
Complete 1 session per day.

One Leg Bridging

With legs bent, lift buttocks so hips are level and elevated. Then slowly extend one leg; keep thighs level and stomach tight.

Hold for :30 seconds.
Repeat 2 times per set.
Two sets per session.
Complete 1 session per day.

Deep Squat

Stand with feet shoulder/hip width apart. Squat deeply trying to keep heels on the floor. Keep head and chest up.

Build up to 50 squats per set.
One set per session.
Complete 1 session per day.

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Advanced Functional Exercises For the Hips and Low Back

by Jeffrey H. Tucker, DC, DACRB

*This article was submitted to DC on 1-20-07. Accepted for publication 2-27-07. Printed May 2007.

Movement assessments have become a clear and comprehensive evaluation and approach to my Chiropractic therapy. It begins with me looking at each clients standing posture. I then ask my client to perform a series of postures. You know this portion as ‘range of motion’ evaluation. For example, I say to the client, “Bring your chin to your chest”, etc., or “bend forward to touch your fingers to the floor” or “raise both arms over your head” bla bla bla! It is old school, but I realize I need to document how far they move and if any sensations present themselves. I have become a keen observer of these movements, one who is not just interested in how far they move, but more interested in the way they move and what there movement pattern can tell me. The evaluation continues with a series of dynamic and static postures to observe how the muscles and joints move. Through this process I generate a sequence of home exercise programs for my clients. Please realize, the movement assessments can be performed prior to any hands on work that you do, or the assessments can conclude with a mobilization or manipulation that you feel is necessary.

If you have read my previous articles you will know that I start with the squat assessment. Observe the client perform a squat several times. Simple say “Let me see you do a squat with your arms out in front of you.” The benchmarks that I look for on this evaluation are that the:

  1. Upper torso is parallel with the tibia or toward vertical (back is relatively upright).
  2. Femur below horizontal.
  3. Knees aligned over feet.
  4. Toes point forward.
  5. Knees don’t turn in.

If they cannot accomplish the above criteria I start the correction process with the following training: I call this the supine120 degree knee to chest maneuver. Client lays supine in the 90/90 position. The knees are over the hips and the legs are parallel to the floor. Doctor stands at the feet of the client and uses a knife edge contact along the clients ankle crease. The Doctor resists at the ankle crease while the client is instructed to “pull your knees to your chest.” The Doctor allows the client to move into a knee to chest position. The doctor is providing resistance, not overpowering the client. The client’s lumbar region should remain in the neutral spine. Instruct the client to focus using the lower abdominals, especially the area slightly above and below the inguinal region. Allow the hips to get to at least 120 degrees. This maneuver is a great way to get clients to re-awaken this area. Bring awareness of tightness to this area while you tell the client to release tension or resistance in other areas such as the neck or shoulders that are not needed for this maneuver. Repeat this maneuver as many times to client tolerance.

The next progression is a pose called ‘Find your stance’. This is used as a foundation of all standing postures and movements. I want this to become the natural way to stand. It cultivates a sense of strength and stability. Begin with your feet (shoes off) between your hips and shoulders – go with what feels natural and comfortable. Slightly angle your feet outwards with your weight evenly spread through the balls, lateral edge and heel. Avoid your arches collapsing inwards. Try to feel the medial and longitudinal arches lift up.

Assisted Squats: Doctor and client face each other. ‘Find your stance’, or spread feet to shoulder width or slightly wider if needed; client holds arms and hands out in front of there body; Doctor holds hands with client and assists client to squat. The command is “pull your butt down.” The Doctor is providing assistance so the client doesn’t fall down. However, the client may fall to the floor the first or second time and that is perfectly normal and O.K. to do. Simple get back up and attempt it again. The idea is to allow them to go as deep as possible. Get the client to engage the groin crease muscles to pull them down. The goal of doing this squat is to reach back with the buttocks and down, ex. Sit back on a chair with control. If you have a rope or Theraband (at least the strength of a black theraband), you can wrap it around the clients back and underarms while you hold the ends in the front of the client and ask then to “sit down against” that resistance. Doctor coaches the client to keep the back straight, in this case as vertical as possible. FIGURE 1 Rubber tubing under the arm pits and you assist client to sit down against this resistance. The knee should not bow inward.

“Pull the hips out of the socket” routine to squat. This maneuver requires two assistant partners (the doctor plus an assistant). The client is instructed to squat down in a wider than shoulder stance. The Doctor is to the left of the client and the assistant on the right side. Each assistant places one flat hand behind the posterior leg just below the knee crease. The other hand is placed in the inguinal fossa/ligament crease with a knife edge contact. Assistants use enough pressure to guide the client into a deeper squat. Ask the client to feel like they are pulling the hips out of the socket as they descend. This allows the client to understand and feel the proper joints and muscles to use to accomplish this squat. Allow the client to learn in a wide stance and go as low as they can. As they improve strength they can get into a more narrow stance. Less core muscle is required in a wide stance than a narrow stance. Repeat this maneuver several times. Do a simple test on yourself. Stand in a wide stance and go narrower and narrower until you are in a one legged stance. Feel how the core is participating. Eventually we will get clients to have there feet closer and closer together and this will demand greater core strength.

Right after this maneuver, it will help your client if the Doctor rubs his/her index fingers along the spinous processes while the client does several more squats. This is performed starting at approximately the middle of the back with both index fingers. At the same time rub one finger headward and the other caudal along the spinous process while the client squats down and up. While you rub the spine, instruct the client to stay in a “tall spine” posture. They need to imagine creating more room in the hip socket. Tell the client to think of one thing and only one thing on the way up and that is “gluteals.” You don’t need to suck the stomach in if you elongate the spine, it will automatically come in if they are working to resist extension.

Squat against the wall. This is such a new take on the old school method of a wall squat. Once a person can accomplish the “static wall squat” also known as the “wall sit”, “wall chair,” “airbench” or “back against the ball squat” for one minute, they are ready for this maneuver. Find the distance away from the wall so that when you squat down your sacrum stays in contact with the wall. The key is to keep the sacrum touching the wall. Squat down with arms on the inside of the thighs until the elbows can push against the inner thighs. Put your hands in a prayer pose and push the elbows against the inner thighs. Pry the hips apart as you wiggle side to side going lower and lower. Continue this gentle rocking side to side and attempt to go lower and lower opening the hips. You should feel this in the most proximal attachments of the adductor muscles and hamstrings. Hold this pose for as long as you can and then concentrate on getting back up using the gluteals and keeping the sacrum in contact with the wall. Try this maneuver several times. One minute in this pose really gets you feeling warm. Attempt this with a narrow stance compared to when you are away from the wall. The next progression is to repeat the squat away from the wall.

PIVOTS: These help open the hips. Standing with your feet more than 3 feet apart, with outstretched arms (abduction) to your sides away from the body (the feet should be under the wrists distance). The feet will need to be angled slightly outward approximately 15 degrees. Keep the torso facing forward. Lunge gentle to the left until your knee is bent in a right angle above your left foot. Lengthen the spine upward (“tall spine” concept). Move side to side going more and more lateral (lower). The opposing forces of your legs provide balanced stability. Don’t lean the body towards the bent knee, try to keep the torso upright as much as possible. Imagine the hands pulling further side to side. Allow the sitting bone to be pulled backwards. The legs, both pushing forwards and pulling backwards, allow the hip to hinge and become stable at the same time, two opposing forces balancing one another. Shoulder blades should be kept down.

I recommend clients practice these maneuvers daily. I want my clients to observe subtle changes in posture, decreased pain, increased range of motion, feelings of stability, and a greater capacity for work and sport. As individuals vary in strength, flexibility, and coordination so the practice of functional exercises will be unique to each individual. Using progressive movement as assessments in your practice will tell you where the client is strong or weak, symmetrical or asymmetrical, balanced or imbalanced, coordinated or incoordinated, and which areas need more practice.

References

  1. Bergmark A 1989 Stability of the lumbar spine. A study in mechanical engineering. Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavia 230(60):20-24.
  2. Caterisano A, Moss RF, Pellinger TK, Woodruff K, Lewis VC, Booth W, Khadra T. The effect of back squat depth on the EMG activity of 4 superficial hip and thigh muscles. J Strength Cond Res 2002 Aug; 16(30: 428-32
  3. Comerford M 2003 and 2006 Lumbo-pelvic Stability. Course notes. Copyright Comerford.
  4. Tsatsouline, Pavel 2007 Stretch Course. Copyright Tsatsouline.
  5. Vermeil A 2005 Sports & Fitness. Course notes. Copyright Vermeil.
  6. All the coaches, sports medicine, and sports scientists who have shared their knowledge with me.
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