A supplement containing a mix of essential fatty acids and vitamin E may significantly reduce the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS), according to new research.
The study, published in Reproductive Health, reported that women given capsules containing two grams of a combination of essential lipids—including gamma linolenic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid, other polyunsaturated acids and vitamin E—showed significantly-eased PMS symptoms at both three and six months after they began supplementation.
One or two grams of essential fatty acids resulted in a significant decrease in symptom in PMS patients.
The authors said that between 80% and 95% of women are estimated to suffer from at least one of the symptoms of PMS in the premenstrual phase of the cycle, and of these around 35% have symptoms severe enough to affect their routine activities.
Essential fatty acids such as EPA-DHA 720 from Metagenics is a valid therapeutic option for women with PMS.
“Prolonged use of the supplement for six months appears to result in a better clinical improvement compared to the results found after three months of treatment…This reinforces the hypothesis that its effects on PMS symptoms are the result of its interaction with prolactin receptors through the action of prostaglandin E1 whose metabolism is directly affected by essential fatty acid levels,” the authors concluded.
Reproductive Health 8(1):2, 2010